What is iritis and uveitis?
The coloured part of the eye is called the iris. The iris, parts around the iris and choroid (which is underneath the retina) are collectively called the uvea. Iritis refers to inflammation of the iris specifically, and uveitis refers to inflammation of the uvea.
What are the symptoms of iritis and uveitis?
Symptoms usually include a painful, red eye with blurred or cloudy vision and increased light-sensitivity. There may also be a mis-shaped pupil. Occasionally, there can be floaters in the vision or peripheral vision loss. People with sudden onset uveitis feel more pain than people with long-term uveitis.
What causes iritis and uveitis?
Often, the cause is unknown. It can be related to certain general health conditions, e.g. arthritis or multiple sclerosis (MS), or due to an injury or infection to the eye. It can also occur after eye surgery.
What is the treatment for iritis or uveitis?
The treatment usually involves the use of steroids. This may be in the form of eye drops, tablets and/or injections, and depends on the type and severity of the inflammation.
Never assume a red eye is conjunctivitis. It could be iritis or uveitis, so always get it checked by your eye care practitioner.
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