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What is Fuchs’ corneal dystrophy?
The cornea at the front of the eye plays an important role in obtaining clear vision. Fuchs’ corneal dystrophy, sometimes called Fuchs’ dystrophy or Fuchs’ endothelial dystrophy, is when the back of the cornea starts retaining excess fluid, resulting in corneal swelling and a general decline in the vision. Fuchs’ corneal dystrophy usually affects people after the age of 50 years.

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What causes Fuchs’ corneal dystrophy?
In many cases, the cause is unknown. There can sometimes be a family history of Fuchs’ corneal dystrophy and it can be passed down. Currently, we are unaware of anything that can help prevent Fuchs’ corneal dystrophy.

What are the symptoms of Fuchs’ corneal dystrophy?
Symptoms include foggy or blurred vision, discomfort in the eyes, increased light sensitivity, and difficulty with night vision. Some people find that their vision is blurry when they wake up, and improves as the day goes on. 

What is the treatment for Fuchs’ corneal dystrophy?
In the early stages of Fuchs’ corneal dystrophy, 5% sodium chloride drops can help the cornea remove the excess fluid. Drops to lower the eye pressure may also be prescribed, because high eye pressure worsens Fuchs’ corneal dystrophy. In severe cases, a corneal transplant or graft maybe recommended.

Last words
The symptoms of Fuchs’ corneal dystrophy can sometimes be very similar to having a cataract. If you have any concerns, always raise the issue with your eye care practitioner.

Useful link: you can get more detail on Fuchs’ corneal dystrophy from RNIB.

Other topics of interest: Keratoconus, Cataract, Top Ten Tips

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