What is albinism?
Melanin is a substance that gives colour to the skin, hair and eyes. Albinism is a lack of melanin, resulting in lighter than normal colour hair and skin.
How does albinism affect the eyes?
When albinism affects the eyes, it is called ocular albinism. In ocular albinism, the iris may be pale lacking colour. This will result in extra light sensitivity. People with ocular albinism often have reduced vision too, and may also have nystagmus.
What is the treatment for ocular albinism?
Wearing sunglasses can help against the light sensitivity. If glasses have been prescribed, then these should also be worn. There are things that can be done to help against nystagmus too.
As difficult as it is to live with ocular albinism, maximising the use of technology and public services can be very helpful.
Useful link: for more questions and answers about ocular albinism, click here.